College Composition and Communication
Volume 64, Number 1, September 2012
Special Issue: Research Methodologies
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From the Editor: Speaking Methodologically
Kathleen Blake Yancey
Remapping Revisionist Historiography
Abstract: Rhetoric and composition historiography has recently undergone a rapid transformation as scholars have complicated and challenged earlier narratives by examining diverse local histories and alternative rhetorical traditions. This revisionist scholarship has in turn created new research challenges, as scholars must now demonstrate connections between the local and larger scholarly conversations; assume a complex, multivocal past as the starting point for historical inquiry; and resist the temptation to reinscribe easy binaries, taxonomies, and master narratives, even when countering them. This essay identifies and analyzes these challenges, posits responses to them, and suggests exemplars for future practice.
(Per)Forming Archival Research Methodologies
Lynée Lewis Gaillet
Abstract: This article raises multiple issues associated with archival research methodologies and methods. Based on a survey of recent scholarship and interviews with experienced archival researchers, this overview of the current status of archival research both complicates traditional conceptions of archival investigation and encourages scholars to adopt the stance of archivist-researcher.
The Ethics of Archival Research
Heidi A. McKee and James E. Porter
Abstract: What are the key ethical issues involved in conducting archival research? Based on examination of cases and interviews with leading archival researchers in composition, this article discusses several ethical questions and offers a heuristic to guide ethical decision making. Key to this process is recognizing the person-ness of archival materials.
In Possession of Community: Toward a More Sustainable Local
Shannon Carter and James H. Conrad
Abstract: This article summarizes various applications of oral history interviews at local sites to represent the writing of underrepresented groups. The coauthors (a rhetorician andan archivist) discuss the important disciplinary implications for tending to the local, especially at sites where formal archives are hard to come by, offering three principles for sustaining the local by combining research design with archival development.
Critical Discourse Analysis and Rhetoric and Composition
Thomas Huckin, Jennifer Andrus, and Jennifer Clary-Lemon
Abstract: Over the past two decades, critical discourse analysis has emerged as a major new multidisciplinary approach to the study of texts and contexts in the public sphere. Developed in Europe, CDA has lately become increasingly popular in North America, where it is proving especially congenial to new directions in rhetoric and composition. This essay surveys much of this recent literature, noting how rhet/comp has incorporated CDA methodology in a variety of studies of inequality, ethics, higher education, critical pedagogy, news media, and institutional practices. CDA uses rigorous, empirical methods that are sensitive to both context and theory, making it ideal for the demands of a range of projects being developed in our field.
Special Section: Forum: Issues about Part-Time and Contingent Faculty
Institutional Ethnography as Materialist Framework for Writing Program Research and the Faculty-Staff Work Standpoints Project
Michelle LaFrance and Melissa Nicolas
Abstract: Institutional ethnography seeks to uncover how things happen—how institutional discourse compels and shapes practice(s) and how norms of practice speak to, for, and over individuals. The Faculty and Staff Standpoints project is shaped by this methodology, as it explores writing center staff and faculty relationships to their work.
Tracking the Mind’s Eye: A New Technology for Researching Twenty-First-Century Writing and Reading Processes
Chris M. Anson and Robert A. Schwegler
Abstract: This article describes the nature of eye-tracking technology and its use in the study of discourse processes, particularly reading. It then suggests several areas of research in composition studies, especially at the intersection of writing, reading, and digital media, that can benefit from the use of this technology.
Data Mining: A Hybrid Methodology for Complex and Dynamic Research
Susan Lang and Craig Baehr
Abstract: This article provides an overview of the ways in which data and text mining have potential as research methodologies in composition studies. It introduces data mining in the context of the field of composition studies and discusses ways in which this methodology can complement and extend our existing research practices by blending the best of what technology and researchers have to offer. The authors examine a process model for datamining, discuss benefits and liabilities, and link to increased calls for accountability.
Grasping Rhetoric and Composition by Its Long Tail: What Graphs Can Tell Us about the Field’s Changing Shape
Abstract: Presented as a series of graphs, bibliographic data gathered from College Composition and Communication provides perspective useful for inquiring into the changing shape of the field as it continues to mature. In its focus on graphing, the article demonstrates an application of distant reading methods to present patterns not only reflective of the most commonly cited figures in CCC over the past twenty-five years, but also attendant to a steady increase in the breadth of infrequently cited figures.
Review Essay: Making Sense of Making Knowledge
The Changing of Knowledge in Composition: Contemporary Perspectives
Lance Massey and Richard C. Gebhardt, editors
The Present State of Scholarship in the History of Rhetoric: A Twenty-First Century Guide, 3rd edition
Lynée Lewis Gaillet and Winifred Bryan Horner, editors
Rhetorica in Motion: Feminist Rhetorical Methods and Methodologies
Eileen E. Schell and K. J. Rawson, editors
The Ethics of Internet Research: A Rhetorical, Case-Based Process
Heidi A. McKee and James E. Porter
Becoming a Writing Researcher
Ann Blakeslee and Cathy Fleischer
CCC Poster Page 11: Discourse Community
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